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quarta-feira, 9 de junho de 2010

PREPOSIÇÕES: time, place and other ones!


Prepositions – Time
English 
Usage 
Example 
on 
days of the week 
on Monday 
in 
months / seasons
time of day
year
after a certain period of time (when?)
in August / in winter
in the morning
in 2006
in an hour 
at 
for night
for weekend
a certain point of time (when?)
at night
at the weekend
at half past nine 
since 
from a certain point of time (past till now) 
since 1980 
for 
over a certain period of time (past till now) 
for 2 years 
ago 
a certain time in the past 
2 years ago 
before 
earlier than a certain point of time
before 2004 
to 
telling the time 
ten to six (5:50) 
past 
telling the time 
ten past six (6:10) 
to / till / until 
marking the beginning and end of a period of time 
from Monday to/till Friday 
till / until 
in the sense of how long something is going to last
He is on holiday until Friday. 
by 
in the sense of at the latest
up to a certain time 
I will be back by 6 o'clock.
By 11 o'clock, I had read five pages. 

 
Prepositions – Place (Position and Direction)
English 
Usage 
Example 
in 
  • room, building, street, town, country
  • book, paper etc.
  • car, taxi
  • picture, world
  • in the kitchen, in London
  • in the book
  • in the car, in a taxi
  • in the picture, in the world
at 
  • meaning next to, by an object
  • for table
  • for events
  • place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)
  • at the door, at the station
  • at the table
  • at a concert, at the party
  • at the cinema, at school, at work
on 
  • attached
  • for a place with a river
  • being on a surface
  • for a certain side (left, right)
  • for a floor in a house
  • for public transport
  • for television, radio
  • the picture on the wall
  • London lies on the Thames.
  • on the table
  • on the left
  • on the first floor
  • on the bus, on a plane
  • on TV, on the radio
by, next to, beside 
  • left or right of somebody or something
  • Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.
under 
  • on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else
  • the bag is under the table
below
  • lower than something else but above ground
  • the fish are below the surface
over 
  • covered by something else
  • meaning more than
  • getting to the other side (also across)
  • overcoming an obstacle
  • put a jacket over your shirt
  • over 16 years of age
  • walk over the bridge
  • climb over the wall
above 
  • higher than something else, but not
  • directly over it
  • a path above the lake
across
  • getting to the other side
  • walk across the bridge
through 
  • something with limits on top, bottom and the sides
  • drive through the tunnel
to 
  • movement to person or building
  • movement to a place or country
  • for bed
  • go to the cinema
  • go to London / Ireland
  • go to bed
into 
  • enter a room / a building
  • go into the kitchen / the house
towards 
  • movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)
  • go 5 steps towards the house
onto 
  • movement to the top of something
  • jump onto the table
from 
  • in the sense of where from
  • a flower from the garden

 
Other important Prepositions
English 
Usage
Example
from
  • who gave it
  • a present from Jane
of 
  • who/what does it belong to
  • what does it show
  • a page of the book
  • the picture of a palace
by 
  • who made it
  • a book by Mark Twain
on 
  • walking or riding on horseback
  • entering a public transport vehicle
  • on foot, on horseback
  • get on the bus
in 
  • entering a car  / Taxi
  • get in the car
off 
  • leaving a public transport vehicle
  • get off the train
out of 
  • leaving a car  / Taxi
  • get out of the taxi
by 
  • rise or fall of something
  • travelling (other than walking or horseriding)
  • prices have risen by 10 percent
  • by car, by bus
at 
  • for age
  • she learned Russian at 45
about 
  • for topics, meaning what about
  • we were talking about you

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