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sexta-feira, 25 de abril de 2008

Tempos Verbais em Inglês

The Most Common Tenses in English

Tense

Signal words

Use

Form

Examples

Simple
Present

every day
sometimes
always
often
usually
seldom
never
first ... then

something happens repeatedly

how often something happens

one action follows another

things in general

after the following verbs (to love, to hate, to think, etc.)

future meaning: timetables, programmes


he/she/it + infinitive +

-s

-es

-ies

I work
he works
I go
he goes

Present
Continuous

now
at the moment
Look!
Listen!

something is happening at the same time of speaking or around it



future meaning: when you have already decided and arranged to do it (a fixed plan, date)

be (am/are/is) + infinitive + -ing

I'm working
he's working
I'm going
he's going

Simple
Past

last ...
... ago
in 1990
yesterday

action took place in the past, mostly connected with an expression of time (no connection to the present)

infinitive +

-ed

-ied

irregular forms

I worked
he worked
I went
he went

Past
Continuous


an action happened in the middle of another action

-

someone was doing sth. at a certain time (in the past) -
you don't know whether it was finished or not

was/were + infinitive + -ing

I was working
he was working
I was going
he was going

Simple
Present
Perfect

yet
never
ever
already
so far,
up to now, since
for
recently

you say that sth. has happened or is finished in the past and it has a connection to the present

action started in the past and continues up to the present

have/has +

past participle infinitive +

-ed / -ied

or

irregular form

I've worked
he's worked
I've gone
he's gone

Present Perfect
Continuous


emphasis: length of time of an action

action began in the past and has just stopped

how long the action has been happening

have/has + been + infinitive + -ing

I've been working
he's been working
I've been going
he's been going

Simple Past
Perfect


mostly when two actions in a story are related to each other: the action which had already happened is put into Past Perfect, the other action into Simple Past

the past of the Present Perfect

had + past participle infinitive + -ed / -ied

or

irregular form

I had worked
he had worked
I had gone
he had gone

will - future


predictions about the future (you think that sth. will happen)

you decide to do sth. spontaneously at the time of speaking, you haven't made a decision before



main clause in if clause type I

will + infinitive

I'll work
he'll work
I'll go
he'll go

going to - future


when you have already decided to do sth. in the future



what you think what will happen

be (am/are/is) + going to + infinitive

I'm going to work
he's going to work
I'm going to go
he's going to go


Nota em português: a palavra “continuous” também pode aparecer como “progressive” nos tempos com –ing.

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