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domingo, 1 de junho de 2008

VOZ PASSIVA: sem complicações!

Uma frase pode ser ativa ou passiva. Por isso, também temos verb tenses na “voz ativa” e na “voz passiva.” E não existe forma mais simples de aprendê-las do que esta que trago hoje para vocês! Não vou ser muito ortodoxo (alguns irão questionar a nomenclatura que vou usar... especialmente os professores de português hehehehehehe!!!!) mas, certamente, ficará bem mais simples e claro o entendimento.

Active Form

Nas frases ativas, a “coisafazendo a ação é o sujeito da frase e a “coisarecebendo a ação é o objeto. A maioria das frases em inglês é ATIVA.

[coisa fazendo a ação] + [verbo] + [coisa recebendo a ação]

Exemplos:

The professor teaches the students.

John washes the dishes.

Passive Form

Nas frases passivas, a “coisarecebendo a ação é o sujeito da frase e a “coisafazendo a ação é incluída opcionalmente perto do final da frase. Você pode usar a voz passiva se você achar que a “coisa” recebendo a ação é mais importante ou deva ser enfatizada. Você também pode usar a voz passiva se não souber quem está fazendo a ação ou, simplesmente se você não quiser mencionar quem está fazendo a ação. Nunca podemos esquecer que para formar uma frase na passiva temos que usar o bom e velho verbo BE nas suas várias formas (am, is, are, was, were, have/has been, had been, will be, would be, etc.!!!!!!!!!!!!!)

[coisa recebendo a ação] + [be] + [verbo¹ no past participle] + [by] + [coisa fazendo a ação]

¹ Verbos Regulares e Irregulares

Exemplos:

The students are taught by the professor.

The dishes are washed by John.

Um dos detalhes mais importantes para se fazer uma frase na voz passiva, é lembrar-se de que o verbo BE na passiva tem que estar no mesmo tempo do verbo principal da frase na voz ativa. Estudem muito bem a tabela abaixo:

Active / Passive Overview


Active

Passive

Simple Present

Once a week, Tom cleans the house.

Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom.

Present Continuous

Right now, Sarah is writing the letter.

Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah.

Simple Past

Sam repaired the car.

The car was repaired by Sam.

Past Continuous

The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store.

The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store.

Present Perfect

Many tourists have visited that castle.

That castle has been visited by many tourists.

Present Perfect Continuous

Recently, John has been doing the work.

Recently, the work has been being done by John.

Past Perfect

George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanic's license.

Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanic's license.

Past Perfect Continuous

Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years before he moved to Paris.

The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris.

Simple Future
will

Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM.

The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.

Simple Future
be going to

Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.

A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.

Future Continuous
will

At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dishes.

At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being washed by John.

Future Continuous
be going to

At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to be washing the dishes.

At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being washed by John.

Future Perfect
will

They will have completed the project before the deadline.

The project will have been completed before the deadline.

Future Perfect
be going to

They are going to have completed the project before the deadline.

The project is going to have been completed before the deadline.

Future Perfect Continuous
will

The famous artist will have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.

The mural will have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.

Future Perfect Continuous
be going to

The famous artist is going to have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.

The mural is going to have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.

Used to

Jerry used to pay the bills.

The bills used to be paid by Jerry.

Would Always

My mother would always make the pies.

The pies would always be made by my mother.

Conditional
Would

I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM.

I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM.

Future in the Past
Was Going to

I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.

I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally tonight.

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